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26 years after the publication of his groundbreaking book ‘The End of History’, Francis Fukuyama understands that the analysis that liberal democracies are the endpoint of history needs to be revisited.
World politics started to experience a dramatic transformation, the movement toward an increasingly open and liberal world order, began to falter and soon reversed. The number of democracies has fallen in recent years, and authoritarian leaders such as Trump, Duterte and Orban are on the rise.
In his latest book Identity: The Demand for Dignity and the Politics of Resentment Fukuyama describes that populist nationalism, said to be rooted in economic motivation, actually springs from the demand for recognition of one’s identity and therefore cannot simply be satisfied by economic means
All over the world, identity politics based on religion, ethnicity and gender is on the rise. This has resulted in the upsurge of politicized Islam, identity politics based on ethnic minorities, activism on college campuses and anti-immigrant populism.
According to Fukuyama, the demand for identity cannot be transcended; we must begin to shape identity in a way that supports rather than undermines democracy.
During this evening, Fukuyama will explain his views on the role of identity in our current world order, and have a conversation with Yoeri Albrecht.
This programme is in cooperation with Atlas Contact and John Adams Institute.
This programme is part of our De Balie Icons serie.